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双语科技百科(近现代成就) 第93期:中国第一颗原子弹
时间:2021-05-29 来源:亚博APP手机版 浏览量 62223 次
本文摘要:Chinas First Atomic Bomb中国第一颗原子弹On October 16, 1964, China exploded the first nuclear bomb in Lop Nur of Xinjiang, becoming the third country to have atomic bomb in the world after the United States and Russia.1964年10月16日,中国第一颗原子弹在新疆罗布泊发生爆炸顺利,沦为时隔美国、苏联之后世界上第三个享有原子弹的国家。

Chinas First Atomic Bomb中国第一颗原子弹On October 16, 1964, China exploded the first nuclear bomb in Lop Nur of Xinjiang, becoming the third country to have atomic bomb in the world after the United States and Russia.1964年10月16日,中国第一颗原子弹在新疆罗布泊发生爆炸顺利,沦为时隔美国、苏联之后世界上第三个享有原子弹的国家。However, this brilliant success was achieved under extremely difficult conditions. When the Peoples Republic of China was founded in 1949, the Soviet Union agreed to aid China technologically in the development of nuclear industry. However, in June 1959, the USSR refused to provide relevant information as it had previously promised. Moreover, the Soviet Union recalled all technicians and advisers from China. In July 1960 Chairman Mao Zedong called on Chinese scientists to rely on their own efforts and develop Chinas atomic bomb within eight years.然而,这项最出色的顺利是在当时十分艰难的条件下获得的。1949年新中国刚正式成立时,苏联政府曾答允日后在技术方面协助中国发展核工业。然而,1959年6月,苏联没遵守当时所作出的允诺,拒绝接受获取技术支持,并且撤离了在中国的专家和顾问。

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1960年7月,毛泽东主席声援中国的科学家们依赖自己的力量已完成这项艰难任务,打算用8年时间研制出原子弹。On October 16, 1964, China successfully exploded its first atomic bomb. The Chinese people had finally developed their own nuclear technology. On the same day, the Chinese government made a solemn promise to the world that it developed nuclear weapons only for the purpose of self-defense and safeguarding national security. China would never at any time or under any circumstances be the first to use nuclear weapons.1964年10月16日,中国第一颗原子弹发生爆炸顺利。中国人民最后享有了自己1的核武器。


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